A gharana is born out of a creative contribution by some great performers of extraordinary talent who have a special gayaki style and is carried forward by the dedicated shishyas to the next generation. It is also said that a gharana can only be established when it is accepted by the connoisseurs of music. This has to be continued for at least three generations either from father to son or from guru to shishya. It is only then that the recognition of a gharana is established. Each gharana has its own style, method and discipline. This is evident from the application of the first note of a raga the the completion of the bandish. In the earlier days, musicians used to value the style and method of a gharana above other factors, for example, it must have a novel style with its originality, style of alap, application of the rhythmic variations, as well as an appeal, typical delineation of tanas, gamakas and so on. Even the application of each note of a raga in its purest form or in a specialized form brings out an individual art form of a gharana. Interestingly enough a gharana sometimes has also been named after a city or a town, for example, Agra, Gwalior, Rampur, Delhi, Moradabad, Jaipur, etc. unlike the gharanas of modern times which are sometimes in the name of the great master.
A Gharana of VOCAL, SARANGI , TABLA, BEEN.THE MORADABAD GHARANA derives its name from moradabad, a town in the state of Uttar Pradesh in india. The gharana has contributed leading lights to the firmament of HINDUSTANI CLASSICAL MUSIC,
like sarangi players: USTAD GHASEET KHAN SAHAB, USTAD HAIDER KHAN SAHAB, USTAD AMMAN KHAN SAHAB, USTAD SAGHEER AHMED KHAN SAHAB, USTAD FAKIR MOHD. KHAN SAHAB, USTAD RAFIQUE AHMED KHAN SAHAB, USTAD NANNHE SUFI SAHAB, USTAD HAMID HUSSAIN KHAN SAHAB, USTAD ZAHID HUSSAIN KHAN SAHAB, USTAD SHAHID HUSSAIN KHAN SAHAB, USTAD TALIB HUSSAIN KHAN, USTAD CHHOTE KHAN SAHAB, USTAD MOHD. AHMED KHAN SAHAB, USTAD HAJI GHULAM SABIR QADARI SAHAB, USTAD SIDDIQUE AHMED KHAN SAHAB.& NOW LIVING MAESTRO"S - USTAD SABRI KHAN SAHAB, USTAD LATEEF AHMED SIDDIQE SAHAB, USTAD GHULAM SABIR KHAN SAHAB & Younger brother Kamaal Ahmed Siddique Sahab.
CHHAJJU KHAN SAHAB, USTAD NAZEER KHAN SAHAB, USTAD
TAJJAMMUL KHAN SAHAB, USTAD ALTAAF KHAN SAHAB,USTAD
AMAAN ALI KHAN SAHAB, USTAD MUNSHI KHAN SAHAB
(vocalist & sarangi player), USTAD AHMED HASAN KHAN SAHAB (sarangi, tabla,vocal &cello player),
tabla players:USTAD SHER KHAN SAHAB, USTAD BULLA KHAN SAHAB, USTAD AHMED JAAN THIRAKWA KHAN SAHAB, USTAD MASIT KHAN SAHAB, USTAD SHAFIQUE AHMED KHAN SAHAB, USTAD SHABBIR KHAN SAHAB, USTAD MUBARAK KHAN SAHAB, USTAD GHULAM AHMED KHAN SAHAB, USTAD QARAMATULLAH KHAN SAHAB AND USTAD DAYAM QADRI KHANSAHAB NOW LIVING MAESTRO'S- USTAD ZAMEER AHMED KHAN SAHAB, USTAD RASHID MUSTAFA, USTAD AKHTAR HASAN KHAN, USTAD GHULAM GHOUS BHARTI SAHAB.
(BEEN:USTAD AHMED RAZA KHAN SAHAB.) To name of a few.
MORADABAD GHARANA has been revitalised greatly due
to the efforts of sarangi maestro
USTAD GHULAM SABIR KHAN SAHAB, who presently gives to tutelage to a number of sarangi players and vocalists in New Delhi.